What is Technology and How it’s Shaping Our Lives

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If we go with exact meaning then we can say that technology is that branch of knowledge. It deals with the making and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment. For example subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science, and pure science.

We can define Technology as a method to use scientific knowledge for practical purposes or applications, whether in industry or everyday lives. So, whenever we use our scientific knowledge to achieve some specific purpose, we’re using technology. Well, there is slightly more to it than that. Technology usually involves a specific piece of equipment, but that equipment can be really simple or brilliantly complex. It can be anything wheel to up to computers.

All objects around us in our daily lives are products of different technological advancements. That has developed over the centuries and eventually improved the quality of life. We have transformed natural resources to make tools and machines that make our lives easier, satisfy our curiosity and desire to excel. Computers, tablets and smartphones, locomotives, cars, airplanes, the bulb and the microchip. The first man on the Moon and conquer of the space are milestones of our latest technology.

So now we can say that Technology is one of the most fascinating things. This is because we can use it for a whole lot of good and we can use it to destroy the world. It can easily influence the way that we live today. And we can not simply deny the fact that it governs the way that we live our lives today.

Here are some of the different types of technology

Information Technology

Information technology (IT) refers to the development, maintenance, and use of computer systems, and networks. It includes their use for the processing of data and its distribution. Data means any information, facts, statistics, etc., gathered for reference, storage, or analysis. Typically, IT is used in the context of enterprise operations as opposed to personal or entertaining technologies. The use of IT includes both computer technology and telecommunication.

8 Major Impacts of Information Technology on Businesses

Harvard Business Review first time used the term IT, to make a difference between specific purpose machines and general-purpose computing machines. When the IT industry started evolving computing capability increased while device cost and energy consumption decreased, a cycle that continues.

Information technology includes several layers of hardware and software. It includes virtualization, management or automation tools, operating systems and applications used to perform important functions. Information technology may include user devices, peripherals and software, such as laptops, smartphones. It can also refer to methodologies and regulations governing the use and storage of data. Storage is the kind of technology that holds information as data. It includes volatile random access memory as well as non-volatile memory such as tape, hard disk and solid-state flash drives.

Today IT architectures have evolved a lot to include virtualization and cloud computing. In this physical resources are used in different configurations to meet application requirements. Clouds may be delivered across locations and shared with other users, or contained inside corporate data place, or a combination of both deployments.

Communication Technology

This is one of the common types of technology. We use communication technology in our daily lives and even in the work environment. This domain includes the mobile devices that we carry every day and even the landlines and the office phones.

Networks’ links to different geographical locations are a relatively recent phenomenon. Now this technology has advanced rapidly. It appears that this rapid advancement will continue and that applications will become increasingly widespread over the time. In recent history of long-distance communication and developments of technologies that have made possible the implementation of these networks.

It has developed a lot with powerful computing devices that are specifically designed for network applications. And it has also improved the methods for transmitting information from enhancements of new network configuration and methods of linking networks. One of the most significant trends in networking is an ongoing increase in network, bandwidths at all levels of network operations.

Communication technology has influenced business and society through an efficient exchange of information. Communication technologies include:

  • Internet
  • Multimedia
  • E-mail
  • Telephone
  • Video calling

Specialists design and maintain technical systems of communication, according to the needs of a specific business, industry or market.

Entertainment Technology

This technology is the discipline of using different created components to make or enhance any entertainment experience. Entertainment categories are so broad, and it models the world in many ways. Types of implemented technology are derived from a variety of sources. Thus, in theater, for example, entertainment technologists design and construct scenery, use motors if there is scenery automation, install electrical systems, build clothing, provide plumbing, etc. In this way, the entertainment technology field intersects with other different types of technology.

Entertainment technology helps people relax and enjoy their free time. The latest technology has been transformed daily entertainment. Now online records have made music across the world. Movies are brought into living rooms. With the emerging of technology, ways of being entertained have optimized. People use different kinds of handheld computer games. This diversity and complexity of entertainment technology is bringing endless joy and convenience to people’s spare time. Traditionally, entertainment technology came from dramatic stagecraft. However, the rise of new types for entertainment, and rapidly growing technological development, has increased the range and scope of its practice.

Medical Technology

This type of technology is used in hospitals and clinics. It is specifically created to treat and extend human life. Medical technologies are services, products or solutions used to save and improve lives.

If you scratched your knee as a child, you need a plaster; if someone’s vision is blurred, he got glasses. When someone is not feeling well then diagnostics and medical devices help doctors to restore his good health.

Some technologies that are used in the medical field are

Smart Inhalers 

For the patients of asthma inhalers are the lifesavers. It is considered effective for almost 90% of patients. Now Bluetooth-enabled smart inhalers have been developed. A device is attached to the inhaler that records the date and time of each dose. This data is then sent to the patients’ smartphones. Patients can control monitor their help and control the amount of dosage. 

Robotic Surgery  

Robotic surgery is a procedure that helps in precision, control and flexibility. With the aid of robotic surgery, surgeons can perform very complicated procedures. Otherwise it is extremely difficult or impossible to conduct. As medical technology improves, it can be combined with augmented reality. It allows surgeons to view important additional information about the patient in real-time while still operating.

Wireless Brain Sensors 

Scientists and doctors team up to create bioresorbable electronics. These are special sensors that can be placed in the brain and dissolve when they are no longer needed. This medical device will help doctors in determining the temperature and pressure within the brain. As the sensors can dissolve, it reduces the need for surgeries.

Artificial Organs 

Scientists have been able to create synthetic ovaries, blood vessels,  and pancreas. After plantation of there artificial organs in the human body. These organs then grow within the patient’s body to replace the original defective one. This is a revolutionary and life saving for millions of people. Supplying artificial organs that are not rejected by the body’s immune system is a great achievement.

Health Wearables

People today use their phones to track their steps, physical fitness, and heartbeat, to their sleeping patterns. The advancements in wearable technologies helps to fight against diseases. It includes diabetes and many heart diseases by helping patients to monitor and improve their fitness.

Virtual Reality  

Virtual reality has been around for some time. The VR devices serve as a great aid for patients. It helps in diagnosis, treatment plans and to help doctors for treatments. It has also proved very helpful in patients rehabilitation and recovery.

Telehealth 

Telehealth allows patients to receive medical care through their digital devices. Instead of waiting for appointment days and time with their doctor. Now many highly-personalized mobile apps are designed which allow patients to speak virtually with physicians. It is mostly useful for patients managing chronic conditions. It provides consistent, convenient and cost-effective care.

CRISPR   

The most advanced gene-editing technology is Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats (CRISPR). It works by utilizing the natural mechanisms of the immune systems, which is then able to remove infected DNA strands.

Education Technology

Educational technology is the combination of hardware, software, and educational methods to facilitate and improve learning.

HD wallpaper: library, books, icon, bookicon, symbol, set ...

“Technology provides us with powerful tools to try out different designs, so that instead of theories of education, we may begin to develop a science of education. But it cannot be an analytic science like physics or psychology; rather it must be a design science more like aeronautics or artificial intelligence. For example, in aeronautics the goal is to elucidate how different designs contribute to lift, drag maneuverability, etc. Similarly, a design science of education must determine how different designs of learning environments contribute to learning, cooperation, motivation, etc.” (Collins, 1992:24)

Different trends in education technology are:

Digital Textbooks

One of the great inventions of technology is the digital textbook. Thousands of books can be stored on a single tablet. A digital textbook is sometimes costly, but think about its advantages. It is expensive to provide new books for every student in a single academic year instead of giving a tablet for seven years. They are easy to carry, can be read and you can watch and write anytime.

Social Media

In education, social media is great for both students and teachers. Social Media is a useful tool if it is used in the right way. There are a lot of ways to learn through social media. Such as Facebook groups and pages. If a teacher posts a lesson on the Facebook group or twitter then he can efficiently coordinate with them at any time and anywhere. Even he can solve the problem by gathering lots of information. The advantage of Social Media is its Ideal for group study and Distance learning.

Big Data System

Big Data will provide you latest information within a second which is incredible. it will give you very accurate data as required. It is very helpful for the teacher because he can apply real-time information while teaching. Big Data is the most significant example of technology in education.

Distance Learning

Distance learning is one kind of study that you don’t need to attend any classes physically. The participants attend the class virtually through video conferences. Distance learning is entirely technology-based. In this email, social media, class forums, etc are used.

This system is very efficient for both teacher and student because of anybody don’t need to attend physically. Everyone can join from their own home, country, etc. Nowadays, almost all educational authorities are very determined to convert their campuses into a technology park. So they’re investing lots of money, and it is increasing day by day.

Construction Technology

This technology is related to the equipment that is used in buildings. Construction firms are improving productivity with construction technology is through offsite construction. This method is mostly used on construction projects that have consistent layouts. Offsite construction has reduced waste and increased worker productivity by creating an environment similar to a manufacturing plant.

Another way technology is changing the industry is by improvements in safety and training. New technologies like virtual reality and augmented reality are helping to improve safety. It allows workers to practice being in certain potentially dangerous environments. Wearables are also being used to improve worker safety by monitoring their movements.

Construction technology is allowing companies to do more with less. It saves on labor costs by using robots and autonomous heavy machinery.

Construction technology trendsare:

  • Augmented reality
  • Construction software and data ecosystem
  • Increased prefabrication, modularization
  • Self-healing concrete
  • Drones
  • Robotics
  • Cloud and mobile technology
  • Advanced uses for GPS.

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